History

Chesterfield County Museum

Welcome to Chesterfield County!

There is so much to see and do here. Chesterfield County traces its past to the Native Americans who lived here for thousands of years prior to the arrival of the first English settlers in 1611 to establish the second permanent settlement in the New World. It also is the place of Revolutionary War engagements and major Civil War campaigns, and boasts of many “firsts,” including the first commercial cultivation of tobacco, the first ironworks and the first commercially-mined coal in North America.

The county also is a place of incredible beauty. The James and Appomattox rivers form much of its borders, providing countless opportunities for boating and fishing. It is the location of Pocahontas State Park, which is rated among the top 10 campsites in the country, and the Dutch Gap Conservation Area, an 800-plus-acre bounty of woodlands, wildlife and waterways on a 4.5-mile trail loop. Dutch Gap also offers locations for peaceful relaxation in an open-air oasis. The county provides more than 4,000 acres of green space among its 60 public parks and numerous athletic complexes make it an ideal host for sports events and tournaments.

Chesterfield County’s central location is just south of Virginia’s capital, Richmond, and is convenient to interstates 95, 85 and 64. Colonial Williamsburg is just an hour away by vehicle, as are theme parks Kings Dominion and Busch Gardens. Within two hours, motorists can reach Washington, D.C., the Virginia coast or the Blue Ridge Mountains. Less than three hours away are North Carolina’s Outer Banks and the Raleigh-Durham area.